Launch RStudio as described here: Running RStudio and setting up your working directory
Prepare your data as described here: Best practices for preparing your data and save it in an external .txt tab or .csv files
Import your data into R as described here: Fast reading of data from txt|csv files into R: readr package.
Here, we’ll use the R built-in mtcars data set.
We’ll use mtcars data sets. We start by ordering the data set according to mpg variable.
mtcars <- mtcars[order(mtcars$mpg), ]
R base function: dotchart()
The function dotchart() is used to draw a cleveland dot plot.
dotchart(x, labels = NULL, groups = NULL, gcolor = par("fg"), color = par("fg"))
- x: numeric vector or matrix
- labels: a vector of labels for each point.
- groups: a grouping variable indicating how the elements of x are grouped.
- gcolor: color to be used for group labels and values.
- color: the color(s) to be used for points and labels.
Dot chart of one numeric vector
# Dot chart of a single numeric vector dotchart(mtcars$mpg, labels = row.names(mtcars), cex = 0.6, xlab = "mpg")
# Plot and color by groups cyl grps <- as.factor(mtcars$cyl) my_cols <- c("#999999", "#E69F00", "#56B4E9") dotchart(mtcars$mpg, labels = row.names(mtcars), groups = grps, gcolor = my_cols, color = my_cols[grps], cex = 0.6, pch = 19, xlab = "mpg")
Dot chart of a matrix
dotchart(VADeaths, cex = 0.6, main = "Death Rates in Virginia - 1940")
This analysis has been performed using R statistical software (ver. 3.2.4).
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