Computes hierarchical clustering (hclust, agnes, diana) and cut the tree into k clusters. It also accepts correlation based distance measure methods such as "pearson", "spearman" and "kendall".

hcut(x, k = 2, isdiss = inherits(x, "dist"), hc_func = c("hclust",
  "agnes", "diana"), hc_method = "ward.D2", hc_metric = "euclidean",
  stand = FALSE, graph = FALSE, ...)

Arguments

x
a numeric matrix, numeric data frame or a dissimilarity matrix.
k
the number of clusters to be generated.
isdiss
logical value specifying wether x is a dissimilarity matrix.
hc_func
the hierarchical clustering function to be used. Default value is "hclust". Possible values is one of "hclust", "agnes", "diana". Abbreviation is allowed.
hc_method
the agglomeration method to be used (?hclust) for hclust() and agnes(): "ward.D", "ward.D2", "single", "complete", "average", ...
hc_metric
character string specifying the metric to be used for calculating dissimilarities between observations. Allowed values are those accepted by the function dist() [including "euclidean", "manhattan", "maximum", "canberra", "binary", "minkowski"] and correlation based distance measures ["pearson", "spearman" or "kendall"].
stand
logical value; default is FALSE. If TRUE, then the data will be standardized using the function scale(). Measurements are standardized for each variable (column), by subtracting the variable's mean value and dividing by the variable's standard deviation.
graph
logical value. If TRUE, the dendrogram is displayed.
...
not used.

Value

an object of class "hcut" containing the result of the standard function used (read the documentation of hclust, agnes, diana).

It includes also:

  • cluster: the cluster assignement of observations after cutting the tree
  • nbclust: the number of clusters
  • silinfo: the silhouette information of observations (if k > 1)
  • size: the size of clusters
  • data: a matrix containing the original or the standardized data (if stand = TRUE)

See also

fviz_dend, hkmeans, eclust

Examples

data(USArrests) # Compute hierarchical clustering and cut into 4 clusters res <- hcut(USArrests, k = 4, stand = TRUE) # Cluster assignements of observations res$cluster
#> Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California #> 1 2 2 3 2 #> Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia #> 2 3 3 2 1 #> Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa #> 3 4 2 3 4 #> Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland #> 3 3 1 4 2 #> Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri #> 3 2 4 1 3 #> Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey #> 4 4 2 4 3 #> New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio #> 2 2 1 4 3 #> Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina #> 3 3 3 3 1 #> South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont #> 4 1 2 3 4 #> Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming #> 3 3 4 4 3
# Size of clusters res$size
#> [1] 7 12 19 12
# Visualize the dendrogram fviz_dend(res, rect = TRUE)
# Visualize the silhouette fviz_silhouette(res)
#> cluster size ave.sil.width #> 1 1 7 0.46 #> 2 2 12 0.29 #> 3 3 19 0.26 #> 4 4 12 0.43
# Visualize clusters as scatter plots fviz_cluster(res)